The hybrid cars are extremely popular in the global car markets and now they are fast gaining ground in India as well. The hybrid cars are also the need of the hour as pollution and global warming issues are really severe. The modern car buyers are also very conscious nowadays and apart from the general economical factors of high mileage, they are also interested in fuel conservation for its beneficial effects on mother earth. In short, people wish to get the best mileage possible more than ever before, and the hybrid cars seem to be the ultimate choice to save the dinosaur juice as well as our planet.
Great fuel efficient hybrid cars have been extremely popular choices all over the world, and the latest scenarios are ensuring that India which was a negative marker for hybrid cars even a couple of years ago, also bloom into a highly favorable market for the hybrid vehicles. Thus, the Indian car market is also witnessing great demands for the expensive luxury hybrid cars, and this demand is expected to increase further going ahead. However, the potential for the growth of hybrid cars is much more as these not only come in the expensive full hybrid forms, but also in much more affordable mild hybrid versions as well. This means that the price conscious Indian car buyers really don’t have to shell out a bomb to get the benefits of a hybrid car’s superb mileage. India also has both the full hybrid and mild hybrid vehicle models already available in the current market. So, let us take a look at the mild hybrid Vs hybrid cars to understand the difference and the benefits of these two types of fuel saving vehicles.
The full hybrid vehicles first came and conquered the auto market of the world with awesome mileage and green benefits. As the popularity of the hybrid vehicles increased and the technology expanded, the hybrid vehicles soon spawned the mild hybrid models that are more economical. Let us now consider the difference between these two types of hybrid cars.
A hybrid vehicle makes use of two or more types of power, like an internal combustion engine as well as an electric motor. For instance, a petrol hybrid car uses a petrol engine in conjunction with an electric motor which draw its power from battery packs. Thus, a hybrid car is any kind of vehicle which uses two or more systems to drive itself. A full hybrid car invariably uses an electric motor along with a rechargeable battery pack, which can work on its own as well as in conjunction with the fuel powered engine as and when required to enhance the fuel efficiency and reduce carbon emissions. Thus, a full hybrid car can be run on all-electric mode.
On the other hand, mild hybrid cars do not come with an exclusive electric only drive mode option and usually come with internal combustion motors equipped with an electric machine which allows the engine to get turned off when the car is braking or coasting, and then restart quickly when required. Thus, generally the mild hybrid cars come empowered with regenerative braking systems in order to pump in power to the mild hybrid powertrain and use less power from the engine itself to result in great fuel economy.
Thus, mild hybrid cars don’t have full hybrid drivetrains or electric motors which can individually start or run the vehicle. Thus, mild hybrid cars also don’t have battery storage or offer the same fuel efficiency levels as the full hybrid cars. Instead, these enlarged motors spin to the speed levels of 20 – 30 mph before it any fuel injections comes into the picture.
So, if at all the mild hybrid vehicles come with an electric motor, then their only function is to support the conventional engine with added power or as a starter generator, or they perform both these actions to boost the fuel economy. However, in mild hybrids the electric motors cannot function independently and thus, can’t propel these vehicles forward.
Now, it is pretty much clear that the mild hybrid vehicles can’t be as fuel efficient or beneficial as that of the full hybrid cars. However, the clever incorporation of mild hybrid technology in cars can offer a fuel efficiency boost of as much as 10 to 15 percent as compared to the conventional cars. This is because, the mild hybrid cars come with a lot of technology that prevent these drivetrains from wasting fuel when the car is stalling or braking. Moreover, the most attractive fact of the mild hybrid cars is that these vehicles come at a much lower price point as compared to their full hybrid counterparts. The mild hybrids also weigh less than the full hybrid cars and are thus efficient and more agile counterparts.
On the other hand, the full hybrid vehicles boast of more sophisticated technology as compared to the mild hybrid counterparts. They come with a battery which stores energy that gets generated by the gasoline engine and from the electric motor during braking or coasting. As the battery supplies power to the vehicle at lower speeds, it is much larger and also can hold a lot more energy than the batteries found on conventional vehicles.
A full hybrid car can be run only on its electric motor, in full electric mode without taking any help from the conventional motor for many kilometers and generally the fuel engine kicks in only when more power is needed for higher speeds.
Thus, the full hybrid cars can easily offer much better overall fuel efficiency as compared to the mild hybrid cars. Moreover, full hybrids also offer much greater city fuel efficiency than the mild hybrids, as their electric motors can be utilized fully during city drive situation due to low cruising speed.
Now, that the difference between the full hybrid and the mild hybrid models is clear, you can easily choose the one that really suits your requirement as well as budget. However, the great thing is that both these types of hybrid cars get government backing and tax benefits. So, go ahead and get yourself a great hybrid car, and help both your pocket and the environment by saving fuel.
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